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Recipients for 2011

Jerel Brown
Gery, the patient’s diet will be restricted to clear liquids. The patient must also use an enema and other means to ensure the bowels have been emptied. Often, patients are instructed to begin antibiotics prior to the procedure. Since this procedure is performed in a hospital and a multi-day stay is required, it is important follow all of the hospital’s pre-admission requirements. Surgical preparation and anesthesia — the night before or the morning of the surgery, patients are required to take a shower using a medical-grade antibacterial soap. This removes excess bacteria from the skin. Patients are typically given continuous epidural (spinal) anesthetic and a general anesthesia simultaneously during the procedure. Surgical tools – for the partial and radical cystectomy, the instruments that are used differ slightly, including scalpels, needle, ports and laparoscopic tools, if needed. Partial cystectomy in a partial cystectomy, also called a segmental cystectomy, surgeons remove the diseased portion of the bladder. This procedure is mainly used in a select group of patients with normally functioning bladders and one tumor. It is often followed by radiation or chemotherapy. In a traditional surgical procedure for a partial cystectomy, the anesthetized patient lays face up on the operating table with a sterile surgical cloth covering most of the body. A catheter is placed in the bladder to remove urine. Using a scalpel, the surgeon cuts a vertical abdominal incision from the belly button to just above the pubic bone, and the bladder is exposed. At this point, some surrounding lymph nodes may be removed for further testing. The surgeon then cuts open the bladder to check for the cancer damage. cheap generic viagra cheap generic viagra viagra for sale without a prescription cheap viagra online cheap generic viagra buy cheap viagra http://nationalityinworldhistory.net/bsh-viagra-cheap-online-cs/ cheap viagra cheap viagra generic viagra online Then, the surgeon uses the scalpel to cut away the section of the bladder wall that contains the tumor and sews together the remaining bladder. The organ is filled with a saline solution to check for leaks. A drainage tube is placed in a separate incision in the pelvis to pull excess fluids from the body; it is later removed. In laparoscopic and robotic-assisted partial cystectomies, the same general process as open surgery is used to cut away and remove the diseased portion of the bladder, but the surgeon’s hands never enter the patient’s body. Instead, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to create a space between the abdominal wall and the organs. For laparoscopic surgery, a surgeon uses two long-handled instruments and inserts them into the body through two small incisions. The excised piece of bladder is removed through one of those incisions. The use of laparoscopic tools is known to have a limited range for the surgeon. For robotic surgery, four 2-inch incisions are made across the abdomen and four robotic arms perform the surgery. The surgeon directs the robot from a nearby computer console and video monitor. It is known to closely mimic a surgeon’s movements. Radical cystectomy a radical cystectomy, which is used in the most. Joel Brown
Chanel Fraser
Lorence Garrett
Darren Jenkins
Nima Sheel
Courtney Short
Kristyl Smith

Tameka Spikes
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Shaina C. Williams
Matthew Wilson


Learn more about the Recipients of the 2011 Reach Me Foundation Scholarship